The Ankle


The ankle is a hinge like joint that allow bipedal human ambulation. Four structures contribute to this function - bone, cartilage, tendon, and ligaments. The bony architecture of the ankle is that of a hinge joint. As with other joints the joint surfaces of the ankle are lined by a thin layer of articular cartilage that help the ankle move freely without friction. The ankle is stabilized by important ligaments - on the outside of the ankle there are three ligaments and on the inside one main ligament called the deltoid. Several tendons traverse the ankle joint the most important one being the Achilles tendon. An injury to any one of these systems can lead to ankle pain and dysfunction. Learn more about the conditions that Dr. Seneviratne treats in the following sections.


  • Minimally invasive Achilles tendon repair
  • TENEX procedure for Achilles tendinitis
  • Ankle arthroscopy for impingement
  • Ankle fracture fixation
  • Treatment of ankle sprains
  • PRP (platelet rich plasma) for ankle problems
  • Stem cell therapy for ankle problems